Cognitive decline

Researchers no longer believe that falling or losing mental capacity are inevitable parts of the aging process.

Elderly woman on wheelchair in nursing home with helpful doctor at her side and young nurse making the bed

1. Daniel L. Murman, M.D., M.S., (Aug.2015), The Impact of Age on Cognition, Seminars in Hearing, 111-121

doi: 10.1055/s-0035-1555115 PMCID: PMC4906299

2. Richard F. Gillum, Academic Editor, (Dec. 31, 2012). Use of Physical and Intellectual Activities and Socialization in the Management of Cognitive Decline of Aging and in Dementia: A Review, Journal of Aging Research, Volume 2012 , 14 pages, Article ID 384875

3. Kristine Williams, RN, PhD and Susan Kemper, PhD, (May 2010). Exploring Interventions to Reduce Cognitive Decline in Aging. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing Mental Health Services, 48(5): 42-51

doi: 10.3928/02793695-20100331-03

4. Diane B. Howieson, Ph.D. (December 1, 2015). Cognitive Skills and the Aging Brain

5. Osman Shabir, M.Sc. (April, 2020). Improving-Cognitive-Abilities-in-the-Elderly, News

de Boer C. · Echlin H.V. · Rogojin A. · Baltaretu B.R. · Sergio L.E. (May-August 2018).

Thinking-While-Moving Exercises May Improve Cognition in Elderly with Mild Cognitive Deficits: A Proof-of-Principle Study, Dementia Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra, Vol.8:248–258

U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, (Feb. 2011) Cognitive Impairment: A Call for Action

Kim, Jae-Hyun , (May 2020). Fall experience and cognitive function in middle aged and elderly population, Medicine: Volume 99 – Issue 18 – p e19203

doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000019203

CDC Center of Disease Control and Prevention

Subjective Cognitive Decline-A Public Health Issue

Ellis J.M. Bierman, Hannie C. Comijs, Frank Rijmen, Cees Jonker & Aartjan T.F. Beekman (2008) Anxiety symptoms and cognitive performance in later life: Results from the longitudinal aging study Amsterdam, Aging & Mental Health, 12:4, 517-523, 

DOI: 10.1080/13607860802224276

Simone, P.M., & Scuilli, M. (2006). Cognitive benefits of participation in lifelong learning institutes. LLI Review, 1, 44-51